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ABOUT THE EAA

Word from the President

Statutes and Regulations

H i s t o r y  o f  t h e  E A A










 

     
 

 

European Anthropological Association

 

 
 

Copyright. No part of this history, including the photographs, may be reproduced in any form without permission from the author. Published in 2005.

SHORT HISTORY OF THE EAA

Charles Susanne

In 1973, a number of anthropologists from different European countries gathered together in an informal meeting (during the IXth International Congress of Anthropological and Ethnological Sciences, held in Chicago at that time), and exchanged their first thoughts on the development of a European Association for Anthropology.
But, the very first initiative to explore the possibility of creating a new society, took place in Saint Germain-en-Laye (Paris) on April 25-26, 1975, during a meeting organised by B. Chiarelli. This meeting was attended by J. Dastugue, A. Eriksson, G. Olivier, J. Palsson, P. Riquet, F.W. Rösing, P. Rudan, T. Sjovold, C. Susanne, A. Thoma and J. Wind (photo). During that meeting it was concluded that it was time to create better facilities for communication among European anthropologists, to stimulate more intense cooperation between European anthropologists and scientists of related disciplines, and to provide a better dissemination of European Anthropology over the world.

In order to stimulate cooperation between scientists and institutions, the participants started with agreeing upon the publication of a Newsletter, twice a year. In the very first Newsletter, edited by C. Susanne, the goals were stated as follows: "This Newsletter is expected to be a successful tool in an international scientific cooperation among physical anthropologists and scientists of related disciplines, but it could not be successful without your cooperation ". This statement appears to be, nowadays, even more actual than ever.

The second meeting occurred during the same year on November 19, 1975 during the 14th Yugoslav Congress of Anthropologists organised in Zagreb by H. Maver and P. Rudan. Sixteen colleagues were present and adopted a motion proposed by F.W. Rösing concerning the Newsletter. Among others, the resolution stated, "The Newsletter project is a very good step towards a better communication among European anthropologists. This effort for more open means of communication certainly ultimately aims at an integration of the members of our science. The aim we would keep in mind is a stimulation of cooperation among physical anthropologists and an integration of European sciences. Rösing also thought that the next step towards the realisation of this aim was the formation of a European Society of Physical Anthropology. A Commission was established to examine the feasibility of the creation of such an association. This commission was composed by: B. Chiarelli, G. Olivier (President), J. Palsson, A. Poulianos, D. Roberts, F.W. Rösing, P. Rudan, T. Sjovold, C. Susanne, and N. Wolanski.

A third meeting took place in Brussels on May 14-15, 1976. The possibility for establishing a constitution of a European association was examined, and the essential goals were further defined. The results of a questionnaire, filled out by 39 institutions, were analysed. It was further decided to have periodical meetings, every two years, to promote the Yearbook through the Journal of Human Evolution, to patronage schools (i.e. School of Biological Anthropology in Zagreb, International School of Human Biology in Erice), and to promote workshops and symposia organised by European institutions.

The nominated committee met on October 7, 1976 in Zagreb under the Presidency of G. Olivier, who, after discussion, declared the foundation of the European Anthropological Association. The EAA was born, and a first draft of the statutes was published in the 4th Newsletter.

Organisational meetings followed, such as on February 25, 1977 in Paris, and on April 18-20 in Fiesole (Firenze; photo). But the first Congress, as well as the first General Assembly of the EAA, took place on September 1-3, 1977 in Zagreb (photo), where the link with East European countries was discussed, and where the principles of Local Treasurers / National Representatives for these countries were accepted. With a unanimous vote, the GA elected the first Board: President: G. Olivier (France) – Vice-Presidents: J. Huizinga (the Netherlands), H. Maver (Yugoslavia), D. Roberts (UK), N. Wolanski (Poland) - General Secretary: B. Chiarelli (Italy) – Adjunct-Secretaries for the EYPA: R. Knussmann with the cooperation of G. Olivier, for the European section of the Journal Human. Evolution: R. Knussmann (Germany), and for the Newsletter: C. Susanne (Belgium) - Treasurer: C. Susanne (Belgium).

In the 7th Newsletter (February 1978), the list of the 103 founder members, as well as the statutes, were published.

  • In the beginning of the life of our association, many Council meetings were organised, i.e.:
    June 19, 1978 in Paris where the decision was taken that English would the official language of the EAA (it was initially thought to use English, French and the local language of the congress organiser). It was also decided in Paris that national meetings would occur in odd years, alternating with the EAA congress in the even years, in order to avoid overlap.
  • October 3, 1978 in Zagreb, where essentially minor changes of the statutes were accepted.
  • September 4, 1979 in Humpolec, where a new Board was elected for 1980-1981.

The second congress of the EAA was organised in Brno by J. Jelinek (photo). The congress was essentially dealing with human evolution as well as with secular trends. From this moment on, the EAA was starting a more "regular life" with:

  • Congresses every 2 years (see Table 1): (photos)
  • Councils elected by mail every 2 years and Board elected by the council (see list of successive Boards in Table 2).
  • Council meetings and GA during each EAA congress.
  • Council meetings in the odd years during a national congress; (photos)
  • Election of O. Eiben en D.F. Roberts as Honorary Members (see also Table 3; photo).
 
Table 1: Historical overview of the Congresses of the European Anthropological Association
             
  Number Year Country City Organizers  
  1 1977
Croatia Zagreb H. Maver, P. Rudan  
  2 1980
Czech Republic Brno J. Jelinek  
  3 1982
Greece Petralona A. Poulianos  
  4 1984
Italy Firenze B. Chiarelli  
  5 1986
Portugal Lisbon M.E. Castro e Almeida  
  6 1988
Hungary Budapest O. Eiben  
  7 1990
Poland Wroclaw T. Bielicki, B. Hulanicka  
  8 1992
Spain Madrid M.-D. Garralda  
  9 1994
Denmark Copenhagen P. Bennike  
  10 1996 Belgium Brussels C. Susanne, R. Hauspie  
  11 1998
Germany Jena U. Jaeger  
  12 2000
United Kingdom Cambridge N. Mascie-Taylor  
  13 2002
Croatia Zagreb P. Rudan  
  14 2004
Greece Komotini N. Xirotiris  
  15 2006
Hungary Budapest E. Bodzsar  
  16 2008 Denmark Odense J. Boldsen  
  17 2010 Poland Poznan M. Kaczmarek  
  18 2012 Turkey Ankara E. Gülec  
  19 2014 Russia Moscow E. Godina  
  20 2016 Croatia Zagreb S. Missoni  
     
     
 
Table 2: Historical backgrounds of the European Anthropological Association (EAA): Successive Boards
 
       
  Period Board  
  1977 - 1979
G. Olivier (President), J. Huizinga (Vice-President), H. Maver, D. Roberts, N. Wolanski, B. Chiarelli (Secretary General), R. Knussmann (Adjunct-Secretary), C. Susanne (Adjunct-Secretary & Treasurer)
 
  1980 - 1981
J. Huizinga (President), G. Olivier (Vice-President), H. Walter, A. Poulianos, O. Eiben, B. Chiarelli (Secretary-General), P. Rudan and C. Susanne (Adjunct-Secretary), A. De Wilde (Treasurer)  
  1982 - 1984
J. Jelinek (President), J. Huizinga (Vice-President), H. Walter, A. Poulianos, O. Eiben, B. Chiarelli (Secretary-General), G. Hauser and C. Susanne (Adjunct-Secretary), A. De Wilde (Treasurer)
 
  1985 - 1986
B. Chiarelli (President), J. Jelinek (Vice-President), D. Roberts, H. Walter, M.E. Castro e Almeida, C. Susanne (Secretary-General), M. Roede (Treasurer), G. Hauser (Adjunct-Treasurer)
 
  1987 - 1988
O. Eiben (President), B. Chiarelli (Vice-President), D. Roberts, H. Walter, G. Hauser, C. Susanne (Secretary-General), G.F. De Stefano (Adjunct-Secretary), M. Roede (Treasurer), M. Prokopec (Adjunct-Treasurer)
 
  1989 -1990
G. Hauser (President), O. Eiben (Vice-President), D. Roberts, T. Bielicki, M.D. Garralda, C. Susanne (Secretary-General), D.F. De Stefano (Adjunct-Secretary), M. Roede (Treasurer), M. Prokopec (Adjunct-Treasurer)
 
  1991 -1992
D. Roberts (President), G. Hauser (Vice-President), M.-D. Garralda, O. Eiben, T. Bielicki, C. Susanne (Secretary-General), G.F. De Stefano (Adjunct Secretary), M. Roede (Treasurer), M. Prokopec (Adjunct-Treasurer)
 
  1993 -1994
C. Susanne (President), P. Bennike (Vice-President), O. Eiben, M.D. Garralda, R. Jankauskas, D.F. Roberts, R. Hauspie (Secretary), A.M. Tillier (Adj. Secretary), H. Danker-Hopfe (Treasurer), E. Strouhal (Adjunct-Treasurer)
 
  1995 - 1996
C. Susanne (President), P. Bennike (Vice-President), O. Eiben, M.D. Garralda, R. Jankauskas, D.F. Roberts, R. Hauspie (Secretary), A.M. Tillier (Adjunct-Secretary), H. Danker (Treasurer), E. Strouhal (Adjunct-Treasurer)
 
  1997 - 1998
C. Susanne (President), P. Bennike (Vice-President), B. Chiarelli, E. Godina, E. Kobylianski, R. Hauspie (Secretary), R. Jankauskas (Adjunct-Secretary), H. Danker (Treasurer), B. Hulanicka (Adjunct-Treasurer)
 
  1999 - 2000
P. Rudan (President), P. Bennike (Vice-President), E. Bodzsar, F. Demoulin, R. Hauspie, C. Susanne (Secretary), H. Danker (Treasurer), U. Jaeger (Adj. Secretary), B. Hulanicka (Adjunct-Treasurer)  
  2001 - 2002
Bennike (President), E. Bodzsar, R. Hauspie, N. Mascie-Taylor, P. Rudan (Vice-President), C. Susanne (Secretary), E. Rebato (Treasurer), U. Jaeger (Adjunct-Secretary), B. Hulanicka (Adjunct-Treasurer)
 
  2003 - 2004
P. Bennike (President), E. Bodzsar, R. Hauspie, N. Mascie-Taylor, E. Kobylianski (Vice-President), C. Susanne (Secretary), E. Rebato (Treasurer), U. Jaeger (Adjunct-Secretary), B. Hulanicka (Adj. Treasurer)
 
  2005 - 2006
C. Susanne (President), P. Bennike, P. Blaha, E. Bodzsar, R. Hauspie (Vice-Presidents), B. Hulanicka (Secretary), E. Rebato (Treasurer), F. Demoulin (Adjunct-Secretary), I. Mazura (Adjunct-Treasurer)
 
  2007 - 2008 C. Susanne (President), P. Bennike, P. Blaha, E. Bodzsar, R. Hauspie (Vice-Presidents), E. Rabino-Massa (Secretary), E. Rebato (Treasurer), F. Demoulin (Adjunct-Secretary), A. Drusini (Adjunct-Treasurer)  
  2009 - 2010 N. Mascie-Taylor (President), P. Bennike, E. Bodzsar, R. Hauspie, C. Susanne (Vice-President), E. Rabino-Massa (Secretary), E. Rebato (Treasurer), F. Demoulin (Adjunct-Secretary)  
  2011 - 2012 N. Mascie-Taylor (President), P. Bennike, P. Blaha, E. Bodzsar, R. Hauspie, C. Susanne (Vice-President), A. Zsakai (Secretary), E. Rebato (Treasurer), M. Kaczmarek (Adjunct-Secretary), N. Poulianos (Adjunct-Treasurer)  
  2013 - 2014 E. Rebato (President), N. Mascie-Taylor (Former President), P. Bennike, P. Blaha, J.L. Boldsen, C. Susanne (Vice-President), A. Zsakai (Secretary), N. Poulianos (Treasurer), M. Kaczmarek (Adjunct-Secretary)  
  2015 - 2016 N. Mascie-Taylor (President), E. Rebato (Former President), N. Cameron, E. Gulec, M. Hermanussen (Vice-President), A. Zsakai (Secretary), M. Kaczmarek (Adjunct-Secretary)  
  2017 - 2018 N. Mascie-Taylor (President), J. Boldsen, E. Gulec, M. Hermanussen, M. Kaczmarek (Vice-President), P. Montero (Treasurer), E. Rebato (Adjunct-Treasurer), A. Zsakai (Secretary), N. Cameron (Adjunct-Secretary)  
     
 
Table 3: Honorary Members of the European Anthropological Association
 
     
  Year Honorary Member  
  1988
G. Olivier, J. Jelinek
 
  1990
D. Ferembach, J. Tanner
 
  1994
M. Prokopec
 
  1996
O. Eiben, D.F. Roberts
 
  2008 C. Susanne, H. Walter  
  2010 B. Chiarelli
 
  2012 É.B. Bodzsár, R. Hauspie  
  2016 P. Rudan  
     
 
 
 

The Honorary Member medal of the EAA

 

 
  In May 1985 the EAA started with an Award for the best paper presented by a student, and an Award for the best poster: these prizes were given for the first time at the the Lisbon Congress in 1986. Table 4 gives an overview of the subsequent winners of these EAA Awards.  
     
     
 
Table 4: List of awards of best student papers and best posters
 
   
  Awards for the best student papers  
  Lisbon 1986 Galera V. (Madrid) Odontometry of a Spanish Neolithic-Bronze age sample - Comparison with other populations of the Iberian peninsula. I: Permanent teeth.
Vercauteren M. (Brussels) Secular trend and age changes of head dimensions in Belgian adults.
 
  Madrid 1992 Zavattaro M. (Brussels) International migration and biodemographic dynamics: fertility in a sample of Italian immigrants.  
  Copenhagen 1994 Friis H. (Charlottenlund, Denmark) The impact of zinc supplementation on growth and susceptibility to Schistosoma mansoni.  
  Jena 1998 Koziel S. (Wroclaw) Evaluation of the effect of social environment factors on statural and weight variation of boys and girls aged 12-15 years from province of Wroclaw.  
  Budapest 2006 Taeymans J., Hebbelinck M., Borms J., Abidi H., Duquet W. (Internationale Akademie Physotherapie "Thim van der Laan", Landquart, Switzerland) Predictability of adult adiposity in early, average and late maturing children - a longitudinal study
Benazzi S., Fantini M., De Crescenzio F., Persiani F., Gruppioni G. (University of Bologna, Italy) Improving the spatial orientation of human teeth using a virtual 3D approach
 
       
  Awards for the 'pre-congress' best student oral presentation  
  Zagreb 2016 Bartuskiene V., Cepuliene R., Simkunaite-Rizgeliene R., Zalgeviciene V. Tutkuviene J. (Vilnius University, Lithuania) The effect of maternal undernutrition on the offspring growth trajectory and adipocyte profile  
   
  Awards for the best poster presentation  
  Lisbon 1986 Orve, dela Rua (Bilbao) Paleoserological research on skeletal material in Bisacay (Basque country, Spain).
Poissonnet, Burdi, Lavelle, Sabet (Paris) Heterogenous patterns of adipogenesis in human prenates: a morphometric analysis of buccal and gluteal fat depots.
Puch, Jaworski and Aleksandrowicz (Poland) Paleopathology in Lubin cementary and ossuary 13th-18th A.D.
 
  Budapest 1988 Collell M., Pavia C., Caballin R., Sanz M.C. (Barcelona) Growth and nutritional conditions of diabetic children.
Halasz Z., Blatniczsky L., Kovacs, Z., Muzsnai A., Peter F. (Budapest) Anthropometric assessment of 6-14 year old Budapest children.
 
  Madrid 1992 Bas M., Sevin A., Aluja M., Larrouy G., Nogues R.M., Maurieres P. (Barcelona, Toulouse) Some demographical aspects of the Pyrenean populations from XVIIth century. Comparative analysis.  
  Copenhagen
1994
Rewekant A. (Poznan) Skull base height and pelvic inlet form in a Medieval population from Poland as a measure of growth deficiency.  
  Brussels 1996 Polet C., and Schutkowski H. (Brussels) Reconstruction of weaning patterns in two high medieval populations from Germany.
Dios S., Mourelo S., Luis J.R., Caeiro B. (Santiago de Compostela) Assessment of the usefulness of four STRs in population profiling: initial data from populations in West Africa and the North West Spain.
 
  Jena 1998 Qvist M. (Odense) Epidemiology of otitis media in medieval skeletal material from Danish rural parish cemeteries.  
  Cambridge 2000 Dios S., Luis, J.R., Carril J.C., and Caeiro B. (Santiago de Compostela) The genetic contribution of Black Africa in northern African populations.
Ferrell R.J. and Poulsen L.W. (Aarhus) Fifth lumbar vertebra as a predictor of bone mineral density.
Salces I., Rebato E., Susanne C., San Martin L., Rosique J., Vinagre A. (Bilbao) Family resemblance for anthropometric traits: assessment of occupational maternal effects.
 
  Zagreb 2002 Ghiani M.E., and Vona G. (Italy) Y-chromosome-specific microsatellite variation in a population sample from Sardinia (Italy).
Tambets K., Serk P., Villems R., Pliss L., Krumina A., Baumanis V., and Beckman L. (Estonia, Latvia, Sweden) MtDNA lineages in the Baltic Sea Region - Origins and temporal aspects.
 
  Komotini 2004 Garcia-Obregon S., Sanchez A., M.A., Perez-Miranda A., Vidales C., Derroyo D., and Pena D. (Univ. Basque Country) Genetic structure of Valencia (Spain) according to Alu insertion polymorphisms.
Sanitrikova Z., Petrasova D., and Bernasovska J. (Presov Univ.) Lipid profile screening in children's population at Romany minority.
 
  Budapest 2006 Pierron D., Rocher C., Thoraval D., Letellier T., Murail P. (Universite Bordeaux, France) Contribution of mitochondral diseases to molecular anthropology: Haplogroup distribution of A3243G French patients
Jarosova I. (Masaryk University Brno, Czech Republic) Buccal microwear: Dietary analysis of Old-Slavonic population from Dolni Vestonice, Czech Republic

 
  Odense 2008 Poveda A., Jekenkovic C., Susanne C. (VUB Belgium) Genetics and environmental sources on anthropological characters in Belgin nuclear families
Gonzalez M., Simon M., Jordana X., Santos C., Turbat T., Batsukh D., Giscrad P.H., Malgosa A. (Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona, Spain) On the origins of Pazyryks from Mongol Altai

 
  Poznan 2010 Wrebiak A. (Jagiellonian University, Poland) Cholera and typhoid fever in 19th century "Bielitzer Zion"  
  Ankara 2012

Dagtas N.D., Piskin E., Engin A., Togan I. (Middle East Technical University, Turkey) Ancient DNA isolation and mitochondrial DNA haplogroup determination from sheep samples unearthed from Oylum Höyük, Kilis-Turkey: A preliminary study.
Gamble J.A. (University of Manitoba, Canada) The impact of childhood health on later life through the assessment of dental enamel defects and skeletal pathology in Medieval Denmark.
Poveda A., Ibanez M.E., Rebato E. (University of the Basque Country, Spain) Genetic and environmental factors of blood pressure and adiposity covariation in Roma people.

 
  Moscow 2014 Aysegul O. (Ankara University, Turkey) Evaluation of Arm Anthropometry and nutrition in Turkish Preschool children).
Ibanez M.E. (University of the Basque Country, Spain) Body image satisfaction in relation to body composition in a young population from the Basque Country, Spain.
Posa A. (Szeged University, Hungary) Molecular and morphological case of Pott's disease from the Arpadian-Era.
 
  Zagreb 2016

Kovacova V. (Masaryk University, Czech Republic) The assessment of the semicircular canals and cochlea of the human bone labyrinth using imaging techniques.
Oversti S. (University of Helsinki, Finland) Local demographic patterns buried in the present-day mtDNA pool: Finland as an example.
Varano S. (University of Rome "Tor Vergata") Feeding in Imperial Rome: Isotope variation in several communities of the Roman Suburbium.

 
   
 

G. Olivier's dedication and zeal were certainly of utmost importance for the start of our association, and also during the first meetings in which many common research projects were discussed and collaboration was reinforced.
Within the ambit of the Journal of Human Evolution, the Association then promoted a Yearbook of Anthropology in Europe, as well as an issue exclusively dedicated to the contributions of European anthropologists. A Committee of European Anthropologists, whose Chairman was Georges Olivier, took the responsibility of this publication.
Numerous activities were related to the EAA, or organised within the framework of the EAA:

  • From 1987, the Erasmus programme on Human Ecology (Presided by C. Bernis).
  • From 1988, the Erasmus programme of Departments of Biology (Presided by C. Susanne)
  • Collaborations granted by the EU as well as, later on, with Tempus programmes.

At anthropological level, we could organise

  • Three Summer Schools of Anthropology (coordinated by M.-D. Garralda).
  • A Master in Anthropology and Human Biology (coordinated by C. Susanne).
  • Many colloquia, such as in Jena (still DDR at that time) (coordinated by Uwe Jaeger), in Brno (coordinated by Jan Benes), and many other seminars.

The link has always been kept through the newsletters which were edited by C. Susanne from 1975 till 1990, by R. Hauspie from 1991 till 1998, and by E. Bodzsar since then.

A useful tool of the EAA is of course the website, which was started up in 2002 (the database is in fact already of 1990) and is maintained by R. Hauspie since then. An important part of this website is the interactive list of our membership containing full information on our member’s affiliation, but also on their fields or research.
A goal of the EAA remains also the link with the different national organisations, and with “daughter “ groups such as Global Bioethics (http://utopia.duth.gr/~xirot/BIOETHICS/), or the group GRANDI (groupement latin d’anthropologie didactique (www.didac.ehu.es/antropo)

We are confronted with a new Europe, and we have the responsibility to make the future EAA as successful as it has been in the past decades, such as shown in this short history.

This history is dedicated to two friends who passed away during the year 2004 (photo).

 
     
     
 
 


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