European Anthropological Association
Copyright. No part of this history, including the photographs, may be reproduced in any form without permission from the author. Published in 2005.
SHORT HISTORY OF THE EAA
In 1973, a number of anthropologists from different
European countries gathered together in an informal meeting (during
the IXth International Congress of Anthropological and Ethnological
Sciences, held in Chicago at that time), and exchanged their first thoughts
on the development of a European Association for Anthropology.
In order to stimulate cooperation between scientists and institutions, the participants started with agreeing upon the publication of a Newsletter, twice a year. In the very first Newsletter, edited by C. Susanne, the goals were stated as follows: "This Newsletter is expected to be a successful tool in an international scientific cooperation among physical anthropologists and scientists of related disciplines, but it could not be successful without your cooperation ". This statement appears to be, nowadays, even more actual than ever.
The second meeting occurred during the same year on November 19, 1975 during the 14th Yugoslav Congress of Anthropologists organised in Zagreb by H. Maver and P. Rudan. Sixteen colleagues were present and adopted a motion proposed by F.W. Rösing concerning the Newsletter. Among others, the resolution stated, "The Newsletter project is a very good step towards a better communication among European anthropologists. This effort for more open means of communication certainly ultimately aims at an integration of the members of our science. The aim we would keep in mind is a stimulation of cooperation among physical anthropologists and an integration of European sciences. Rösing also thought that the next step towards the realisation of this aim was the formation of a European Society of Physical Anthropology. A Commission was established to examine the feasibility of the creation of such an association. This commission was composed by: B. Chiarelli, G. Olivier (President), J. Palsson, A. Poulianos, D. Roberts, F.W. Rösing, P. Rudan, T. Sjovold, C. Susanne, and N. Wolanski.
A third meeting took place in Brussels on May 14-15, 1976. The possibility for establishing a constitution of a European association was examined, and the essential goals were further defined. The results of a questionnaire, filled out by 39 institutions, were analysed. It was further decided to have periodical meetings, every two years, to promote the Yearbook through the Journal of Human Evolution, to patronage schools (i.e. School of Biological Anthropology in Zagreb, International School of Human Biology in Erice), and to promote workshops and symposia organised by European institutions.
The nominated committee met on October 7, 1976 in Zagreb under the Presidency of G. Olivier, who, after discussion, declared the foundation of the European Anthropological Association. The EAA was born, and a first draft of the statutes was published in the 4th Newsletter.
Organisational meetings followed, such as on February 25, 1977 in Paris, and on April 18-20 in Fiesole (Firenze; photo). But the first Congress, as well as the first General Assembly of the EAA, took place on September 1-3, 1977 in Zagreb (photo), where the link with East European countries was discussed, and where the principles of Local Treasurers / National Representatives for these countries were accepted. With a unanimous vote, the GA elected the first Board: President: G. Olivier (France) Vice-Presidents: J. Huizinga (the Netherlands), H. Maver (Yugoslavia), D. Roberts (UK), N. Wolanski (Poland) - General Secretary: B. Chiarelli (Italy) Adjunct-Secretaries for the EYPA: R. Knussmann with the cooperation of G. Olivier, for the European section of the Journal Human. Evolution: R. Knussmann (Germany), and for the Newsletter: C. Susanne (Belgium) - Treasurer: C. Susanne (Belgium).
In the 7th Newsletter (February 1978), the list of the 103 founder members, as well as the statutes, were published.
The second congress of the EAA was organised in Brno by J. Jelinek (photo). The congress was essentially dealing with human evolution as well as with secular trends. From this moment on, the EAA was starting a more "regular life" with:
Table 1: Historical overview of the Congresses of the European Anthropological Association
||Croatia||Zagreb||H. Maver, P. Rudan|
||Czech Republic||Brno||J. Jelinek|
||Portugal||Lisbon||M.E. Castro e Almeida|
||Poland||Wroclaw||T. Bielicki, B. Hulanicka|
|10||1996||Belgium||Brussels||C. Susanne, R. Hauspie|
||United Kingdom||Cambridge||N. Mascie-Taylor|
Table 2: Historical backgrounds of the European Anthropological Association (EAA): Successive Boards
Olivier (President), J. Huizinga (Vice-President), H. Maver, D. Roberts,
N. Wolanski, B. Chiarelli (Secretary General), R. Knussmann (Adjunct-Secretary),
C. Susanne (Adjunct-Secretary & Treasurer)
||J. Huizinga (President), G. Olivier (Vice-President), H. Walter, A. Poulianos, O. Eiben, B. Chiarelli (Secretary-General), P. Rudan and C. Susanne (Adjunct-Secretary), A. De Wilde (Treasurer)|
Jelinek (President), J. Huizinga (Vice-President), H. Walter, A. Poulianos,
O. Eiben, B. Chiarelli (Secretary-General), G. Hauser and C. Susanne (Adjunct-Secretary),
A. De Wilde (Treasurer)
Chiarelli (President), J. Jelinek (Vice-President), D. Roberts, H. Walter,
M.E. Castro e Almeida, C. Susanne (Secretary-General), M. Roede (Treasurer),
G. Hauser (Adjunct-Treasurer)
Eiben (President), B. Chiarelli (Vice-President), D. Roberts, H. Walter,
G. Hauser, C. Susanne (Secretary-General), G.F. De Stefano (Adjunct-Secretary),
M. Roede (Treasurer), M. Prokopec (Adjunct-Treasurer)
Hauser (President), O. Eiben (Vice-President), D. Roberts, T. Bielicki,
M.D. Garralda, C. Susanne (Secretary-General), D.F. De Stefano (Adjunct-Secretary),
M. Roede (Treasurer), M. Prokopec (Adjunct-Treasurer)
Roberts (President), G. Hauser (Vice-President), M.-D. Garralda, O. Eiben,
T. Bielicki, C. Susanne (Secretary-General), G.F. De Stefano (Adjunct
Secretary), M. Roede (Treasurer), M. Prokopec (Adjunct-Treasurer)
Susanne (President), P. Bennike (Vice-President), O. Eiben, M.D. Garralda,
R. Jankauskas, D.F. Roberts, R. Hauspie (Secretary), A.M. Tillier (Adj.
Secretary), H. Danker-Hopfe (Treasurer), E. Strouhal (Adjunct-Treasurer)
Susanne (President), P. Bennike (Vice-President), O. Eiben, M.D. Garralda,
R. Jankauskas, D.F. Roberts, R. Hauspie (Secretary), A.M. Tillier (Adjunct-Secretary),
H. Danker (Treasurer), E. Strouhal (Adjunct-Treasurer)
Susanne (President), P. Bennike (Vice-President), B. Chiarelli, E. Godina,
E. Kobylianski, R. Hauspie (Secretary), R. Jankauskas (Adjunct-Secretary),
H. Danker (Treasurer), B. Hulanicka (Adjunct-Treasurer)
||P. Rudan (President), P. Bennike (Vice-President), E. Bodzsar, F. Demoulin, R. Hauspie, C. Susanne (Secretary), H. Danker (Treasurer), U. Jaeger (Adj. Secretary), B. Hulanicka (Adjunct-Treasurer)|
(President), E. Bodzsar, R. Hauspie, N. Mascie-Taylor, P. Rudan (Vice-President),
C. Susanne (Secretary), E. Rebato (Treasurer), U. Jaeger (Adjunct-Secretary),
B. Hulanicka (Adjunct-Treasurer)
Bennike (President), E. Bodzsar, R. Hauspie, N. Mascie-Taylor, E. Kobylianski
(Vice-President), C. Susanne (Secretary), E. Rebato (Treasurer), U. Jaeger
(Adjunct-Secretary), B. Hulanicka (Adj. Treasurer)
Susanne (President), P. Bennike, P. Blaha, E. Bodzsar, R. Hauspie (Vice-Presidents),
B. Hulanicka (Secretary), E. Rebato (Treasurer), F. Demoulin (Adjunct-Secretary),
I. Mazura (Adjunct-Treasurer)
|2007 - 2008||C. Susanne (President), P. Bennike, P. Blaha, E. Bodzsar, R. Hauspie (Vice-Presidents), E. Rabino-Massa (Secretary), E. Rebato (Treasurer), F. Demoulin (Adjunct-Secretary), A. Drusini (Adjunct-Treasurer)|
|2009 - 2010||N. Mascie-Taylor (President), P. Bennike, E. Bodzsar, R. Hauspie, C. Susanne (Vice-Presidents), E. Rabino-Massa (Secretary), E. Rebato (Treasurer), F. Demoulin (Adjunct-Secretary)|
|2011 - 2012||N. Mascie-Taylor (President), P. Bennike, P. Blaha, E. Bodzsar, R. Hauspie, C. Susanne (Vice-Presidents), A. Zsakai (Secretary), E. Rebato (Treasurer), M. Kaczmarek (Adjunct-Secretary), N. Poulianos (Adjunct-Treasurer)|
|2013 - 2014||E. Rebato (President), N. Mascie-Taylor (Former President), P. Bennike, P. Blaha, J.L. Boldsen, C. Susanne (Vice-Presidents), A. Zsakai (Secretary), N. Poulianos (Treasurer), M. Kaczmarek (Adjunct-Secretary)|
|2015 - 2016||N. Mascie-Taylor (President), E. Rebato (Former President), N. Cameron, E. Gulec, M. Hermanussen (Vice-Presidents), A. Zsakai (Secretary), M. Kaczmarek (Adjunct-Secretary)|
|2017 - 2018||N. Mascie-Taylor (President), J. Boldsen, E. Gulec, M. Hermanussen, M. Kaczmarek (Vice-President), P. Montero (Treasurer), E. Rebato (Adjunct-Treasurer), A. Zsakai (Secretary), N. Cameron (Adjunct-Secretary)|
|2019 - 2020||
N. Cameron (President), N. Mascie-Taylor (Former President), J. Boldsen, E. Gulec, M. Kaczmarek (Vice-Presidents), E. Rebato (Adjunct-Treasurer), A. Zsakai (Secretary)
Table 3: Honorary Members of the European Anthropological Association
Olivier, J. Jelinek
Ferembach, J. Tanner
Eiben, D.F. Roberts
|2008||C. Susanne, H. Walter|
|2012||É.B. Bodzsár, R. Hauspie|
The Honorary Member medal of the EAA
|In May 1985 the EAA started with an Award for the best paper presented by a student, and an Award for the best poster: these prizes were given for the first time at the the Lisbon Congress in 1986. Table 4 gives an overview of the subsequent winners of these EAA Awards.|
Table 4: List of awards of best student papers and best posters
|Awards for the best student papers|
V. (Madrid) Odontometry of a Spanish Neolithic-Bronze age sample - Comparison
with other populations of the Iberian peninsula. I: Permanent teeth.
Vercauteren M. (Brussels) Secular trend and age changes of head dimensions in Belgian adults.
|Madrid 1992||Zavattaro M. (Brussels) International migration and biodemographic dynamics: fertility in a sample of Italian immigrants.|
|Copenhagen 1994||Friis H. (Charlottenlund, Denmark) The impact of zinc supplementation on growth and susceptibility to Schistosoma mansoni.|
|Jena 1998||Koziel S. (Wroclaw) Evaluation of the effect of social environment factors on statural and weight variation of boys and girls aged 12-15 years from province of Wroclaw.|
J., Hebbelinck M., Borms J., Abidi H., Duquet W. (Internationale Akademie
Physotherapie "Thim van der Laan", Landquart, Switzerland) Predictability
of adult adiposity in early, average and late maturing children - a longitudinal
Benazzi S., Fantini M., De Crescenzio F., Persiani F., Gruppioni G. (University of Bologna, Italy) Improving the spatial orientation of human teeth using a virtual 3D approach
|Awards for the 'pre-congress' best student oral presentation|
|Zagreb 2016||Bartuskiene V., Cepuliene R., Simkunaite-Rizgeliene R., Zalgeviciene V. Tutkuviene J. (Vilnius University, Lithuania) The effect of maternal undernutrition on the offspring growth trajectory and adipocyte profile|
Brozou A. (Bulgaria) Dining in the Danish medieval
leprosarium at Nastved: using stable isotopes to reconstruct the diet
Feher P. (Hungary) The relationship between bone status and oestrogen hormone level in girls and young adult women
Göhring A. (Germany) Sea spray effect in ?13C, ?18O, and ?34S illustrated by Gaussian Mixture Model (GMM) clustering
Saige Kelmelis K. (USA) Something rotten in the state of Denmark: prevalence of leprosy in medieval Danish skeletons
|Awards for the best poster presentation|
dela Rua (Bilbao) Paleoserological research on skeletal material in Bisacay
(Basque country, Spain).
Poissonnet, Burdi, Lavelle, Sabet (Paris) Heterogenous patterns of adipogenesis in human prenates: a morphometric analysis of buccal and gluteal fat depots.
Puch, Jaworski and Aleksandrowicz (Poland) Paleopathology in Lubin cementary and ossuary 13th-18th A.D.
M., Pavia C., Caballin R., Sanz M.C. (Barcelona) Growth and nutritional
conditions of diabetic children.
Halasz Z., Blatniczsky L., Kovacs, Z., Muzsnai A., Peter F. (Budapest) Anthropometric assessment of 6-14 year old Budapest children.
|Madrid 1992||Bas M., Sevin A., Aluja M., Larrouy G., Nogues R.M., Maurieres P. (Barcelona, Toulouse) Some demographical aspects of the Pyrenean populations from XVIIth century. Comparative analysis.|
|Rewekant A. (Poznan) Skull base height and pelvic inlet form in a Medieval population from Poland as a measure of growth deficiency.|
C., and Schutkowski H. (Brussels) Reconstruction of weaning patterns in
two high medieval populations from Germany.
Dios S., Mourelo S., Luis J.R., Caeiro B. (Santiago de Compostela) Assessment of the usefulness of four STRs in population profiling: initial data from populations in West Africa and the North West Spain.
|Jena 1998||Qvist M. (Odense) Epidemiology of otitis media in medieval skeletal material from Danish rural parish cemeteries.|
S., Luis, J.R., Carril J.C., and Caeiro B. (Santiago de Compostela) The
genetic contribution of Black Africa in northern African populations.
Ferrell R.J. and Poulsen L.W. (Aarhus) Fifth lumbar vertebra as a predictor of bone mineral density.
Salces I., Rebato E., Susanne C., San Martin L., Rosique J., Vinagre A. (Bilbao) Family resemblance for anthropometric traits: assessment of occupational maternal effects.
M.E., and Vona G. (Italy) Y-chromosome-specific microsatellite variation
in a population sample from Sardinia (Italy).
Tambets K., Serk P., Villems R., Pliss L., Krumina A., Baumanis V., and Beckman L. (Estonia, Latvia, Sweden) MtDNA lineages in the Baltic Sea Region - Origins and temporal aspects.
S., Sanchez A., M.A., Perez-Miranda A., Vidales C., Derroyo D., and Pena
D. (Univ. Basque Country) Genetic structure of Valencia (Spain) according
to Alu insertion polymorphisms.
Sanitrikova Z., Petrasova D., and Bernasovska J. (Presov Univ.) Lipid profile screening in children's population at Romany minority.
D., Rocher C., Thoraval D., Letellier T., Murail P. (Universite Bordeaux,
France) Contribution of mitochondral diseases to molecular anthropology:
Haplogroup distribution of A3243G French patients
Jarosova I. (Masaryk University Brno, Czech Republic) Buccal microwear: Dietary analysis of Old-Slavonic population from Dolni Vestonice, Czech Republic
A., Jekenkovic C., Susanne C. (VUB Belgium) Genetics and environmental
sources on anthropological characters in Belgin nuclear families
Gonzalez M., Simon M., Jordana X., Santos C., Turbat T., Batsukh D., Giscrad P.H., Malgosa A. (Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona, Spain) On the origins of Pazyryks from Mongol Altai
|Poznan 2010||Wrebiak A. (Jagiellonian University, Poland) Cholera and typhoid fever in 19th century "Bielitzer Zion"|
Dagtas N.D., Piskin E., Engin A., Togan I. (Middle
East Technical University, Turkey) Ancient DNA isolation and mitochondrial
DNA haplogroup determination from sheep samples unearthed from Oylum
Höyük, Kilis-Turkey: A preliminary study.
O. (Ankara University, Turkey) Evaluation of Arm Anthropometry and nutrition
in Turkish Preschool children).
Ibanez M.E. (University of the Basque Country, Spain) Body image satisfaction in relation to body composition in a young population from the Basque Country, Spain.
Posa A. (Szeged University, Hungary) Molecular and morphological case of Pott's disease from the Arpadian-Era.
Kovacova V. (Masaryk University, Czech Republic)
The assessment of the semicircular canals and cochlea of the human bone
labyrinth using imaging techniques.
Romboni M. (Italy) Diet, lifestyle and disease in a Copper Age community from "La Sassa" cave (Italy)
G. Olivier's dedication and zeal were certainly
of utmost importance for the start of our association, and also during
the first meetings in which many common research projects were discussed
and collaboration was reinforced.
At anthropological level, we could organise
The link has always been kept through the newsletters which were edited by C. Susanne from 1975 till 1990, by R. Hauspie from 1991 till 1998, and by E. Bodzsar since then.
A useful tool of the EAA is of course the website,
which was started up in 2002 (the database is in fact already of 1990)
and is maintained by R. Hauspie since then. An important part of this
website is the interactive list of our membership containing full information
on our members affiliation, but also on their fields or research.
We are confronted with a new Europe, and we have the responsibility to make the future EAA as successful as it has been in the past decades, such as shown in this short history.
This history is dedicated to two friends who passed away during the year 2004 (photo).